Dear Gentlereaders: Once again, there are differences in the offending characteristics of women and male offenders in the study below.
Additional Department of Justice research indicate considerable differences in crime characteristics for women offenders (mostly non-violent crime) histories of abuse and neglect, drug addiction and mental health issues with women offenders having significantly more social negatives. Add child responsibilities and income disparities, then it seems remarkable that women offenders do not recidivate more.
Why women offenders do not recidivate more is an important criminological consideration that needs to be explored. While the percentage of women offenders being incarcerated is rising faster than male offenders, women offenders simply commit less crime and less serious crime and do better in treatment programs.
Again in the report below, we have another instance where you have to pay to have access to US Department of Justice funded research.
Crime in America Staff.
Recidivism of Female Sex Offenders
Sandler and Freeman examined recidivism among female sex offenders. The study was based on a sample of 1,466 females convicted of a sexual offenders in New York state and explored the following: 1) offending prior to the commission of the offenders’ first sexual offense, 2) rates of recidivism following their first sexual offense conviction, and 3) factors associated with the likelihood of sexual recidivism.
Rearrest was used as the measure of recidivism. Due to the fact that a large number of the offenders received sentences other than custodial sentences, recidivism was measured at 1, 3, and 5 years post-conviction rather than release from custody.
The analysis revealed that three factors significantly increased the likelihood of sexual recidivism following first conviction for a sexual offense. These were: a greater number of prior child victim convictions, a greater number of prior misdemeanor convictions, and increased offender age. The age finding was of particular interest since previous research on male sexual offenders has shown that increased age has been found to reduce the likelihood of recidivism among male sex offenders. Further, the results of this study indicate that female sex offenders are most likely to begin their sexual offending later in life when compared to males, typically following a history of low-level, nonsexual offending. The study the December 2009 issue of Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment at: Female Sex Offender Recidivism: A Large-Scale Empirical Analysis, is available in http://sax.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/21/4/455.