Cloyes, Wong, Latimer, and Abarca conducted a study of recidivism among offenders with serious mental illness (SMI). Their study was designed to identify SMI offenders and to calculate the time from prison release to reincarceration (arrest or incarceration) for SMI offenders as compared to non-SMI offenders.
This study included 9,245 prisoners released from Utah state prisons between 1998 and 2002.
The authors conducted an analysis of reincarceration patterns up to three years following prison release. There were no significant differences between the groups in demographics, offense characteristics, or conditions of release.
SMI offenders were found to have significantly higher rates of recidivism than non-SMI offenders. Overall, SMI offenders also returned to prison nearly one year sooner and had a higher risk of being returned to prison for a technical violation than non-SMI offenders.
The study, Time to Prison Return for Offenders With Serious Mental Illness Released From Prison: A Survival Analysis, is available in the February 2010 issue of Criminal Justice and Behavior at: http://cjb.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/2/175