Be sure to see an overview of crime in American cities at http://www.crimeinamerica.net/city-crime-rates-top-ten-cities/ .
National Crime Headlines:
Some in criminal justice circles are predicting increases in violent crime for 2015.
Violent and property crime decline in 2014-National Crime Survey
Violent and property crime decline in 2013-National Crime Survey
The violent crime rate had declined for nearly two decades before increasing in 2011 and 2012-National Crime Survey
Violent and property crime decreased in 2013 and 2014-FBI-Crime Reported to Police
2014 data show increases in aggravated assault and rape- FBI-Crime Reported to Police
Lowest murder rate since 1960 but violent crime increases in 2012-FBI-Crime Reported to Police
From Crime in America.Net staff
There are two primary sources for crime data in the United States. The first is crime reported to law enforcement agencies, processed at the state level and reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Many criminologists see this data as an index of serious crimes.
The second is the National Crime Survey from the Bureau of Justice Statistics which is an attempt to document all measured crime in the US regardless of reported and unreported crime.
FBI-Crimes reported to police-Summary:
The FBI reports preliminary figures indicating that law enforcement agencies throughout the nation showed an overall decrease of 4.6 percent in the number of violent crimes for the first 6 months of 2014 when compared with figures reported for the same time in 2013. The violent crime category includes murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. The number of property crimes in the United States from January to June of 2014 decreased 7.5 percent when compared with data for the same time period in 2013.
However, when the FBI released their full report for 2014, the estimated number of violent crimes in the nation decreased 0.2 percent in 2014 when compared with 2013 data. Aggravated assault and rapes increased. Property crimes decreased by 4.3 percent, marking the 12th straight year the collective estimates for these offenses declined.
The FBI released Crime in the United States, 2013, which shows that the estimated number of violent crimes in 2013 decreased 4.4 percent when compared with 2012 figures, and the estimated number of property crimes decreased 4.1 percent. There were an estimated 1,163,146 violent crimes reported to law enforcement last year, along with an estimated 8,632,512 property crimes
Property crimes decreased 4.1 percent in 2013, marking the 11th straight year the collective estimates for these offenses declined.
The 2013 statistics show the estimated rate of violent crime was 367.9 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, and the property crime rate was 2,730.7 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. The violent crime rate declined 5.1 percent compared to the 2012 rate, while the property crime rate declined 4.8 percent.
2012-The FBI estimated that in 2012 the number of violent crimes increased 0.7 percent. However, property crimes decreased 0.9 percent, marking the tenth straight year of declines for these offenses, collectively.
The rate for homicide remained at historic lows, 4.7 percent per 100,000 in 2012.
National Crime Survey-summary:
Violent crime rates decreased from 2013 (23.2 victimizations per 1,000) to 2014 (20.1 per 1,000).
1993 to 2014, the rate of violent crime declined from 79.8 to 20.1 per 1,000.
The overall property crime rate (which includes household burglary, theft, and motor vehicle theft) decreased from 131.4 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2013 to 118.1 victimizations per 1,000 in 2014.
In 2013, the overall violent crime rate declined slightly from 26.1 to 23.2 victimizations per 1,000 U.S. residents from 2012 to 2013, per the Justice Department’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The violent crime rate had declined for nearly two decades before increasing in 2011 and 2012.
The overall property crime rate, which includes burglary, theft and motor vehicle theft, also decreased after two consecutive years of increases. From 2012 to 2013, the rate declined from 155.8 to 131.4 victimizations per 1,000 U.S. households.
In 2012, for the second consecutive year, violent and property crime rates increased for U.S. residents age 12 or older, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The overall violent crime rate (which includes rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault) rose from 22.6 victimizations per 1,000 persons in 2011 to 26.1 in 2012
Crimes not reported to police:
The problem is that the majority of crime (approximately half of violent crimes and 40 percent of property crimes) are not reported to law enforcement agencies.
Crimes are not reported because victims see the event as a personal matter (a fight between friends or family members) or a theft that the victim considers minor or the victim’s belief that law enforcement cannot resolve the issue (a theft where the likelihood of getting property back or resulting in the arrest of the offender is unlikely).
To deal with the crime reporting issue, the Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice under the US Department of Justice created the National Crime Survey. The National Crime Survey collects data from households and individuals (similar to the Census Bureau) to get a picture of total crime.
The latest data involving crimes reported to law enforcement agencies (through the FBI) includes:
For the latest data from the National Crime Survey, see:
Gallup states that 26 percent of households victimized by crime. If cyber crimes were included, the household victimization rate would surge to 46% (November, 2014)
Gallup states that most Americans believe that crime in America is up, see:
For an overview of declining crime over the last 20 years, see:
- See http://www.ucrdatatool.gov/Search/Crime/State/StateCrime.cfm for a long-range view of violent crime rates from the FBI.
For an Overview of the FBI’s New National Incident-Based Reporting System, See:
The Bottom Line:
The bottom line is that violent and property crime are still at record lows for the country and, generally speaking, have been decreasing for the last two decades except for recent years (2011 and 2012).
However, there are reports in some cities in 2015 that homicides and violent crime are increasing. Aggravated assault and rapes increased in 2014. The FBI states that the decrease in violent crime went from 4.6 percent in the first six months of 2014 to 1.2 percent for all of 2014. It’s leading some to suggest that violent crime is increasing in larger cities and possibly throughout the country.
Decreases in 2014 and 2013 from both reports and increases in the Bureau of Justice Statistics data (for 2011 and 2012) and the 2012 FBI report (violent crime increases) create mixed results and need to be watched carefully but the trend over decades is clearly down. Criminologists are puzzled by the continuing recent decreases and offer little in terms of an explanation, but some are now expressing concern regarding full FBI data in 2014 (paragraph above) plus reports that violent crime is increasing in some cities in 2015. Some in criminal justice circles are predicting increases in violent crime for 2015.
While historically low rates of crime is of little consequence to those living in areas where crime continues to be a problem, it is never-the-less great news for a country that suffered large increases in crime and violence for decades since the mid 1960’s.
Please note that there are additional measures focusing on fear of crime, crimes committed against students, substance abuse and many other criminological variables. Most are cited within this website and most indicate a downward trend that matches the FBI’s report and the National Crime Survey for recent years while noting that crime increased in 2011 and 2012 per the National Crime Survey and violent crime increased in 2012 per the FBI.
A multi-decade summation from the National Crime Survey:
In 2010, violent and property victimization rates fell to their lowest levels since the early 1990s. From 1993 to 2010, the violent crime victimization rate decreased 70 percent, dropping steadily from about 50 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older in 1993 to about 15 per 1,000 in 2010. The property crime victimization rate fell 62 percent, from about 319 victimizations per 1,000 households in 1993 to 120 per 1,000 in 2010.”
From a 2013 Department of Justice Report on Repeat Victimization:
In 2010, the 17 percent of violent crime victims who experienced repeat victimization accounted for 54 percent of all violent victimizations.
For serious violent crimes, the victimization rate decreased 77 percent from 1993 to 2010, while the prevalence rate decreased 66 percent.
The decline in total household property crime victimization rates (down 64 percent) from 1993 to 2010 was greater than the decline in prevalence rates (down 48 percent).
The proportion of household property crime victims who reported two or more incidents during each year decreased from 25 percent in 1993 to 18 percent in 2010. In 2010, the 18 percent of repeat household victims accounted for about 41 percent of all household property victimizations.